Marshall Plan
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In 1947 General George Marshall was sent to Europe to access the economic state of Europe. He found out that European economies were in ruins. People were starving and there were enormous shortages of all kind of goods, plus European countries owed $ 11.5 billion to the USA. So the Marshall suggested that $17 billion would be needed to rebuild European economies.This became known as the Marshall Plan.

Why did America launch the Marshall Plan in 1947?
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Congress accepted the Marshalll Plan only in 1948, when the Communists took over Czechoslovakia. It had been ruled by a coolitional government that contained Communists who were trying to be independent from Moscow, but in 1948 anti-Soviet leaders were purged. So another country "fell" under pressure of Communism and suddenly USA realized the threat. America became prosperious because of the trade, but if Europe would become Communsit it won't trade with it anymore. So USA accepted the Marshall Plan not only because of charity, but as well as its wealth was depended on Europe economy.


Why was Stalin annoyed about the Marshall Plan?
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At the beginning Stalin was glad that America is going to give Europe money, because he counted that he would also be in it and would finally receive American loans and could repair Russian economy. But want he found out after is that America was going to give most of its money to European countries that are not under the ''sphere of influence'' of Communism. Which meant that nor U.S.S.R. nor other countries that were under its control would receive money. Stalin got really annoyed because of that as that would also mean that countries would recover from the War and would not want Russian ''help'' and start trading with America. He also understood that America betrayed him and will never give him his loans.





Andey and David complete clear detailed notes on the following section.

What was the Marshall Plan?


Why did America launch the Marshall Plan in 1947?


Why was Stalin annoyed about the Marshall Plan?